JUDO AND JU- JITSU
Traditional Judo originated in Japan in the late nineteenth century. In 1882, Dr. Jigoro Kano made a comprehensive study of the ancient self defense forms of the Samurai (Jui jitsu) and integrated them into a sport which is known as Kodokan Judo Its most prominent feature is its competitive element, where the object is to either throw one's opponent to the ground, subdue one's opponent with a grappling maneuver, or force an opponent to submit by joint locking the elbow or by applying a choke.
Traditional Ju-jitsu or Jiu-jitsu is a practical, defensive martial art. At its core is the principle that aggression can be overcome by using an attacker’s strength, size and momentum to a defender’s advantage. Men and women of all ages, shapes and sizes can therefore become very good at it.
Ju-jitsu is a 2500 year old unarmed combat discipline that has its roots in ancient Japan. The exact date on the creation of this martial art form is hard to trace but techniques resembling that of Ju-jitsu had already been incorporated into the training methods of the Samurai,
Jiu-jitsu can be dangerous, maybe even fatal if its fundamental techniques were to be applied. So, in order to make the art a safe, systems and rules have to be introduced.
• The Fighting System: This is the most popular method, divided into three phases. The first is for striking only, the second for striking, grappling and throwing, and the third includes ground-fighting such as choke holds.
• The Practical System: According to this rule, two defenders are surrounded by four attackers from four corners. Highest points go to the best defender judged upon effectiveness, oversight and control of the situation.
• The Duo System: In this system, contestants are randomly chosen and awarded points for effective defenses. The attacks are divided into four groups of five attacks each.
• Combat Jujitsu: The most recent system developed in the United States. Victory in the competition is based on submission. The combat round between the two opponents lasts for not more than two minutes.